Mechanisms of short- and long-term mechanosensing

いつ:
2019年12月6日 @ 17:00 – 18:00
2019-12-06T17:00:00+09:00
2019-12-06T18:00:00+09:00

日時:2019年12月6日(金)17:00-18:00

講演者:Dr. Haguy Wolfenson
   (Assistant Professor, Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel)

演題: Mechanisms of short- and long-term mechanosensing

言語:英語

場所:京都大学 高等研究院(iCeMS)本館(建物番号 77)2階 セミナールーム (A207)
http://www.icems.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ja/access/

アブストラクト:
Cells respond to mechanical signals from their environment in a variety of ways. In particular, the rigidity of the extracellular matrix (ECM) to which cells adhere is a critical determinant of the most fundamental cellular processes, including cell migration, differentiation, death, and growth. In order to test the rigidity of the ECM, cells apply cytoskeletal-based forces to it; however, there are fundamental aspects of this ‘mechanosensing’ process that are poorly understood. In my talk, I will discuss our recent findings on the kinetics of contractile force generation during mechanosensing. Based on a mathematical model of cell contractility, we predict that for a broad range of physiological and laboratory conditions the contractile force scales with the environment‘s rigidity, where the proportionality factor is an intrinsic, cell-specific time-dependent contractile displacement that is non-mechanosensitive, i.e. independent of the environment’s rigidity. Our extensive experiments on various adherent cells show that, as predicted, the time-dependent contractile displacement is independent of the rigidity, varied more than 15-fold. Furthermore, we show that the intrinsic time-dependent contractile displacement is directly related to the evolution of the actomyosin network, properly quantified by the time-dependent concentration of F-actin. The emerging picture unifies various other existing observations on cellular contractility and provides a novel framework to address the process of mechanosensing.

Key Words:Mechanosensing, ECM

問い合わせ先:京都大学物質-細胞統合システム拠点(iCeMS) 見学グループ 中澤直高
       kengaku-g*icems.kyoto-u.ac.jp(*を@に変換ください)(内線9833)

191206 Dr.Wolfenson seminar flyer